Anesthetic Eye Drops:  Prescription eye drops that numb the eye by removing all sensation.

Antibiotic Eye Drops:  Prescription eye drops used to treat bacterial infections.

Antihistamine Eye Drops:  Eye drops (available in prescription strength and over-the-counter) which block histamine release and provide rapid relief of itching, tearing and swelling of the conjunctiva and eyelid that are associated with seasonal or allergic conjunctivitis.

Antiviral Eye Drops:  These eye drops inhibit the ability of a virus to reproduce itself and are used to treat virus-caused ophthalmic conditions such as herpes simplex and herpes zoster (shingles) infections.

Corticosteroid Eye Drops (AKA:  Steroid Eye Drops):   Eye drops composed of hormones (mostly cortisone) which are derived from the body’s adrenal gland or made synthetically.  These hormones act by reducing inflammation and can dramatically decrease swelling, redness and scarring.  Corticosteroid eye drops are used in the treatment of many ocular disorders including allergies and inflammation of the eye.

Cyclopentolate:  Long acting, prescription, dilating eye drop that temporarily blocks the action of the parasympathetic nerves in the eye.  This drop is has two actions:  1. It relaxes the ciliary muscle of the eye to paralyze accommodation.  2.  It relaxes the sphincter muscle of the iris to enlarge the pupil.  At Mandel Vision®,this drop is usually used in conjunction with Tropicamide for dilation prior to LASIKand PRK to relax the muscles in the eye to help attain a refraction that is less influenced by accommodation.  This is less important in older patients who have lost or are losing their ability to accommodate.

Decongestant Eye Drops:  Eye drops that act by constricting the superficial blood vessels in the conjunctiva which can reduce redness.

Dilating Eye Drops:  See:  Tropicamide, Cyclopentolate

Doxycycline:  An oral antibiotic, which is a form of tetracycline, which is sometimes used to treat blepharitis.

Flourescein Eye Drops:  A diagnostic, prescription eye drop which may be combined with an anesthetic drop .  This drop is used to detectcorneal abrasions/abnormalities of the cornea and is also used during applanation tonometry (a test to measure intraocular pressure).

Histamine:  The chemical your body produces when you are having an allergic reaction.

Lubricating Eye Drops:  Over-the-counter eye drops that help maintain an adequate tear film balance and are used to treat dry eye symptoms.

Lubricating Ointment:   Over-the-counter thick ophthalmic gel or ointment that is typically used at night to help maintain an adequate tear film balance or improve the ocular surface during sleeping hours.  This is used to treat dry eye symptoms and is especially helpful for patients who sleep with their eyes partially open.

Mast Cells:  Cells that release histamine during an allergic reaction.

Mast Cell Stabilizing Eye Drops:  Eye drops that stabilize mast cells to decrease the release of histamine during an allergic reaction.  These drops are effective in reducing the itching, tearing, conjunctival injection (redness) and corneal complications associated with seasonal or allergic conjunctivitis.

Miotic Eye Drops:  An eye drop which has multiple uses but is chiefly used as a topical treatment of glaucoma.  They are the least commonly used drops for open angle glaucoma at the present time.   Miotics lower intraocular pressure through contraction of the ciliary body which results in an opening of the trabecular meshwork, allowing increased drainage of aqueous humor from the eye.*

* There are many types of medications available for the treatment of glaucoma, both topical (eye drops) and oral medications which all reduce intraocular pressure either by increasing the outflow of aqueous (miotics) or by decreasing the production of aqueous.

Mitomycin:  An anti-cancer drug that is used as a standard of care for many PRKrefractive surgery patients to control inflammation and scarring.

Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Eye Drops (NSAID’s):  Eye drops that are an alternative to steroids and are used to treat inflammatory processes of the eye including ocular allergies.

Proparacaine Eye Drops:  Anesthetic eye drops used to numb the eye for diagnostic testing in general ophthalmic exams as well as some non-invasive surgical procedures, such as laser vision correction.

Tropicamide:  A short acting, prescription eye drop which dilates the pupil of the eye by one of two paths:  1. It stimulates sympathetic nerve fibers to cause the irisdilator to contract.  2.  It blocks the parasympathetic nerve fibers to paralyze the iris sphincter muscle.  At Mandel Vision®, this drop is used during general ophthalmic exams to enable visualization of the fundus.  It is also used in conjunction with Cyclopentolate eye drops during laser vision correctionevaluations.